Half a century of research on the Stroop effect

an integrative review. by Colin M. MacLeod

Publisher: American Psychological Association in Washington

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 523
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Subjects:

  • Stroop, J. R.

Edition Notes

Photocopy of: Psychological bulletin, vol. 109, no. 2, (1991), pp.163-203.

Other titlesPsychological bulletin.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14800139M

?ctx_ver=Z&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&=Half%20a%20century%20of Cited by: Stroop, J.R. (). Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 18, Read here on Classics in the history of psychology. MacLeod, C.M. (). Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: An integrative review. Psychological Bulletin, , The ‘Stroop effect’ was named after John Ridley Stroop who discovered this occurrence in the s. He was born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, Ma and completed his training at Peabody College where he received his Ph.D. degrees. This interference is caused by what is called The Stroop Effect. The study tests this to assert the previous findings regarding the Stroop Effect. Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: An Integrative approach. Effect of response type and set size on Stroop color-word performance. Word Count: ; Approx Pages: 8.

Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: An integrative review. Psychological bulletin, (2), Text Citation: Stroop, J. R. (). Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 18, Stroop tests are commonly used. The Stroop Test, more commonly known for its effects, or the Stroop effect, is the measure of cognitive interference through the reaction time of a task. The most common Stroop test uses the name of a color printed in a color not denoted by the : Stacia Fritz. This research investigated the underlying causes of interference in the Stroop task. The participants involved in this research were the students of the PY at James Cook University. They consisted of 90 females and 40 males with a mean age of years, and unfortunately, one participant. He has published more than 70 journal articles and book chapters and has participated in several conference presentations. As director of the Emotion and Anxiety Research Laboratory at Vanderbilt University, he is currently examining the role of basic emotions as they relate to the assessment, etiology, and maintenance of anxiety-related disorders.

Christopher Koch George Fox University largest effect size indicating Stroop interference occurs at 50 Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: An integrative review. Psychological Bulletin, , Posner, M. I. & Snyder, .

Half a century of research on the Stroop effect by Colin M. MacLeod Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Half-Century Before Stroop The roots of Stroop's research are evident 50 years earlier in the work of James McKeen Cattell (). In a doctoral project supervised by Wilhelm Wundt, Cattell reported that objects (and colors) took longer to name aloud than the corresponding words took to read by: Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: an integrative review.

The literature on interference in the Stroop Color-Word Task, covering over 50 years and some studies, is organized and reviewed. In so doing, a set ofl 8 reliable empirical findings is isolated that must be captured by any successful theory of the Stroop effect.

MacLeod, Half a century of research on the Stroop effect book. Half a Century of Research on the Stroop Effect An Integrative Review. Psychological Bulletin,CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The literature on interference in the Stroop Color-Word Task, covering over 50 years and some studies, is organized and reviewed.

In so doing, a set ofl 8 reliable empirical findings is isolated that must be captured by any successful theory of the Stroop effect.

Research From to The Half-Century Before Stroop The roots of Stroop's research are evident 50 years earlier in the work of James McKeen Cattell (). C. MacLeod, “Half a century of reseach on the stroop effect: an integrative review,” Psychological Bulletin, vol.no.

2, pp. –, 被如下文章引用: TITLE: The Effect of Three Months of Aerobic Training on Stroop Performance in Older Adults. Half a Century of Research on Garner Interference and the Separability Integrality Distinction Daniel Algom Tel-Aviv University its relation to the Stroop effect, and divided attention, with focus on perceptual independence gauged by multivariate models of perception.

The review tracks developments in a roughly chronological order. The test developed by Stroop some seventy years ago is used, among other purposes, as an indicator of attention disorder and general mood fluctuations. The present research attempted to determine whether a correlation existed between the Stroop Test, student ability as defined by a standardised IQ test, and general classroom behaviour.

This study involved 87 year three. InMcKeen noticed that it took longer to say the color of red patches than it did to read the word “red” [1]. This observation paved the way for one of the most widely known experiments in psychology, known as the Stroop Effect.

It is named after John Ridley Stroop, who first published this effect in [2].Cited by: 3. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): The literature on interference in the Stroop Color-Word Task, covering over 50 years and some studies, is organized and reviewed.

In so doing, a set of 18 reliable empirical findings is isolated that must be captured by any successful theory of the Stroop effect. Psychol Bull.

Mar;(2) Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: an integrative review. MacLeod CM. PMID: Cited by:   Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: An integrative review. - Psychological Bulletin. In-text: (MacLeod, ) Your Bibliography: MacLeod, C., Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: An integrative review.

Psychological Bulletin, (2), Choose your Style (Harvard, APA,) Change style powered by CSL. Half A Century of Research on the Stroop Effect - An Integrative Review Article Literature Review (PDF Available) in Psychological Bulletin (2) April with 8, Reads.

Half a Century of Research on the Stroop Effect: An Integrative Review. Colin M. MacLeod. Division of Life Sciences University of Toronto, Scarborough Campus Scarborough, Ontario, Canada The literature on interference in the Stroop Color-Word Task, covering over 50 years and some studies, is organized and reviewed.

in standard black ink. Stroop’s results are highly replicable, as MacLeod [5] showed over a half century later.

Since Stroop’s landmark study, many hundreds of studies have sought to understand this superficially simple phenomenon, and many more have used his method to explore key aspects of attention, learning,File Size: KB.

MacLeod, C. Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: An integrative review. - Psychological Bulletin. Analysis with central and centroparietal electrodes showed a significant main effect of congruency, F(1, 17) =P =η p 2 = Mean amplitudes were larger for incongruent trials compared to congruent trials indicating a Stroop effect (Fig.

8).There was a significant laterality effect, F(1, 17) =P. Half a century of research on the Stroop effect An integrative review. Psychological Bulletin,doi/ SCIRP Mobile Website. The Stroop effect is one of the best known phenomena in all of cognitive science and indeed in psychology more broadly.

It is also one of the most long standing, having been reported by John Ridley Stroop in the published version of his dissertation in [ 1 ].

This paper expands on prior research demonstrating the power of social comparison in Stroop’s paradigm. In two experiments, it is shown that the Stroop effect is reduced whenever the subject is threatened by social comparison, even in the lack of competitive instructions and comparison others during the Stroop by: The Stroop effect is when a person takes more time to name the color of the word when the meaning of the word is different from color.

If the meaning of the word and color are similar, it would be called congruent situation, like Red, On another hand when the color of the word and meaning differ it is called incongruent condition, like the incongruent situation, people.

The Stroop task (Stroop, ) investigated interference in attention on naming colours. Stroop’s second lab experiment investigated the effects of interfering word stimuli on naming colours serially. The colour stimulus was the independent variable and the reaction time taken to name the colours was the dependent variable.

Get this from a library. Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: an integrative review. [Colin M MacLeod]. In psychology, the Stroop effect is a demonstration of cognitive interference where a delay in the reaction time of a task occurs due to a mismatch in stimuli. The effect has been used to create a psychological test (the Stroop test) that is widely used in clinical practice and investigation.

A basic task that demonstrates this effect occurs when there is a mismatch between the name. The Stroop effect is one of the best known phenomena in all of cognitive science and indeed in psychology more broadly.

It is also one of the most long standing, having been reported by John Ridley Stroop in the published version of his dissertation in [ 1].

In its basic form, the task is to name the color in which a word is printed. chologists for over half a century. This historical note provides a biographical sketch of the task's creator, John Ridley Stroop, and examines the impact of his task on cognitive psychology.

For over half a century, one of the standard demonstrations in undergraduate psychology courses and laboratories has been the Stroop effect.

Interdimensional interference in the Stroop effect: uncovering the cognitive and neural anatomy of attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. MacLeod, C.M. John Ridley Stroop: creator of a landmark cognitive task.

Canadian Journal of Psychology. – MacLeod, C.M. () Half a century of research on the stroop effect: an integrative review. MacLeod, C. Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: An integrative review.

Psychological Review,Martin, M. Reverse Stroop effect with concurrent tasks. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 17, McClain, L. Effects of response type and set size on Stroop color-word performance.

RTs were also in general shorter posttreatment than pretreatment (time main effect, F =p Stroop main effect, F =p Stroop interference postadministration was smaller under caffeine, relative to placebo [treatment × time × Stroop, F(1, 15) =p Cited by:   MacLeod, C.

() Half a century of research on the Stroop effect: an integrated review. Psychological Bulletin,– Google Scholar | Crossref | MedlineCited by:. A horse race of a different color: Stroop interference patterns with transformed words. Journal Of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception And Performance, 10(5), Macleod, C.

M. (). Half a century of research on the Stroop effect.Psychology Report on the Stroop Effect In: Philosophy and Psychology Submitted By 14silkt C.M. () Half a century of research on the stroop effect: an intergrative review. Psychological Bulletin,humanist and Latinist involves the scientific study of mental functions and Marko Marulić in his book, Psichiologia de.Paying attention to the Stroop effect?

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Half a century of research on the Stroop effect.